Monday, January 20, 2020

Maligcong Birding Personal Gallery Updated January 2020 with Bird Info Summaries

Pied Bush Chat (Saxicola caprata) • © Oggie Ramos
Updated the Maligcong Birding Gallery to include my capture of a Pied Bush Chat (Saxicola caprata) and Suzette Chees' image of the elusive Scale Feathered Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus cumingi), a member of the cuckoo family.  I've actually spotted one more bird out on the terraces months ago (Eastern Grassbird) but have not yet photographed it in a sharp, readily-identifiable form so the gallery stands at 22 birds.
Scale Feathered Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus cumingi) • 2020 © Suzette Chees

A quick summary of the birds are as follows for your easy reference:

Blue Rock Thrush
Monticola solitarius
Size/weight: 21-23cm,  around 54g
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population stable)
Trivia:  Official bird of Malta
Features:  M. s. philippensis has rufous-chestnut plumage mid-breast to undertail
Habits: Breeds in mountainous areas; nests in rock cavities and walls
Diet: Insects, small reptiles, berries, seeds 

Brown Shrike
Lanius cristatus
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population decreasing)
Trivia:  Also known as butcher bird as it impales prey insects on sticks/branches/thorns; common English name is scric (meaning shriek) to refer to its shrill call; Philippine shrike commonly called tarat or pakis-kis
Features:  Mainly brown on upper part with rounded tail with distinctive "bandit-mask"
Habits:  Migratory, overwinters in Asia
Diet: Insects, small birds, lizards

Chestnut Faced Babbler
Zosterornis whiteheadi
Size/weight: Male around 15 cm in length,  around 17-28 g
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population stable)
Trivia:  Endemic to Luzon
Features:  Chestnut face, grey crown and nape, incomplete white eye ring
Habits: Inhabits lower growth of forest, occasionally up to the canopy
Diet:  Seeds, fruits, insects (beetles mainly), spiders

Crested Myna
Acridotheres cristatellus
Size/weight:  Around 110 g 
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population stable)
Trivia:  Also known as Chinese starling; popular caged bird/pet taught to mimic human voice with a wide array of vocalizations from warbles to whistles and chortles
Features:  Tuft of feathers form crest on forehead; mostly black with a slight green sheen; tail feathers have white tips; adult eyes are orange, bill is pale yellow, legs dull dark yellow
Habits:  Found in open spaces near urban and agricultural areas
Diet:  Omnivorous, will eat worms, grubs, grains, fruit, even garbage; highly beneficial to farmers as it feeds on insects and does not attack crops

Eastern Grass Owl
Tyto longimembris 
Size/weight:  Medium-sized owl, male 32-38cm in length; 400-460g (females heavier)
Conservation status:  Least concern due to wide distribution
Features:  Dark brown upper parts with pale spots; black and tan bars on pale beak, feathered legs, dark brown eyes; heart-shaped facial disk with brown buff and white border
Habits:  Prefers tall grasslands and swamps; roosts in flattened vegetation
Diet: Common prey is long-haired and cane rat 

Elegant Tit
Periparus elegans
Conservation status:  Least concern due to wide distribution
Features: Resembles the Palawan tit with a black head and neck, yellow belly and breast; wings are pied black and white; male back is black, female's is olive
Note:  Endemic to the Philippines
Habitat:  Subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, montane forest
Diet: Common prey is long-haired and cane rat 

Island Thrush
Turdus poliocephalus
Conservation status:  Least concern
Features: Resembles blackbirds with yellow eye bill, eye-rings and legs
Habitat:  On larger islands, found only at high altitudes
Diet: Invertebrates like beetles, spiders, earthworms, snails, carrion, small reptiles; also fruits and seeds; forages the leaf litter and canopy

Grey Wagtail
Motacilla cinerea
Conservation status:  Least concern (population stable)
Size: 18-19cm in length
Features: Narrow white supercilium and a broken eye ring; grey upperparts and yellow vent; male has a black throat edged by white moustachial sripes 
Habitat:  May use man-made structures to breed; associated with running water when breeding 
Notes:  Wags tail (hence the name wagtail); sharp call often given when in flight
Diet: Invertebrates (adult flies, mayflies, beetles, crustaceans, molluscs)

Little Pied Flycatcher
Ficedula westermanni
Conservation status:  Least concern (population decreasing)
Size: 10-11cm in length, 7-8g
Features: Distinctively black and white (female mainly grey-brown) 
Habitat:  Subtropical and tropical moist lowland forest/montane forest; deciduous and evergreen forests
Diet: Small invertebrates, larvae

Long-tailed Shrike
Lanius schach
Size: 20-25cm in length, 50-53g
Note:  When perched on bush, glides down at an angle to take prey; capable of vocal mimicry; also known as butcher bird because it impales prey on thorn or branch
Call:  Loud scha-scha-scha-schi-schi..."
Features: Dark mask through eye is broad, tail is narrow with rufous feathers
Diet: Small invertebrates such as lizards, large insects, rodents, small birds, small snakes, fish

Mountain White Eye
Zosterops montanus
Size: 5-12cm in length, 4-12g
Status: Least concern/not globally threatened
Call:  Peet-peet followed by light trill
Features: Nominate race has yellow forehead and supraloral region
Habitat:  Primary montane forest, mossy forests, ericacaceous shrubs, edge of forests, secondary growth
Diet: Small insects, fruits

Mountain Shrike
Lanius validirostris
Size: 20-22.5cm in length, 34-44g
Note:  Endemic to the Philippines
Conservation status:  Least concern/increasingly becoming rare due to habitat loss
Features: Black cap, long tail, strong and heavy bill
Habitat:  Subtropical and tropical moist lowland forest/montane forest; deciduous and evergreen forests
Diet: Small invertebrates, insects

Mountain Verditer Flycatcher
Eumyias thalassinus
Size: 15-17cm in length, 15-20g
Note: Also called turquoise flycatcher
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population decreasing)
Features: Medium sized flycatcher; slim with a long tail
Habitat:  Subtropical and tropical moist lowland forest/montane forest
Diet: Small invertebrates, insects (bees, et al)

Scale Feathered Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus cumingi 
Size: 40-42cm in length, 148-204g (females heavier than male) 
Note: Belongs to the cuckoo family 
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population decreasing) 
Habitat:  Primary and secondary forests; pine forests 
Diet: Insects such as centipedes, scorpions, snails, worms; small snakes and lizards

Pied Bush Chat
Saxicola caprata
Size: 13-14cm in length, 14-26g
Features: Male is glossy black save for a white rump; female is light brown and streaked
Conservation status:  Least concern (Population decreasing)
Habitat:  Open terrain habitats such as grasslands, scrub, cultivation; nests in cavities in stone walls, embankment holes; lines nest with grass and hair
Diet: Small insects and larvae (beetles, caterpillars, midges, ants, earthworms), berries

Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker
Dendrocopos maculatus
Size: 13-14cm in length, 22-30g 
Note:  In Kapampangan, known as anluage (vernacular for carpenter or workman) 
Call/voice:  Stuttered "pilt-pilt-pilt"
Features: Male with dark brown forehead to hindcrown, blacker at sides, small red patch at side of hindcrown
Conservation status:  Least concern (not globally threatened)
Habitat: Light to dense primary and secondary forests, cloudforests, plantations; edge of forests 
Diet: Small insects, mostly ants, grubs and larvae

Orange Bellied Flowerpecker
Dicaeum trigonostigma
Size/Weight:  8-9cm 
Features: Male distinctive with slaty-blue upperparts (crown/nape/wings/tail) save for large triangular orange patch on mantle; female is duller, mostly olive brown 
Conservation status:  Least concern (not globally threatened) 
Habitat: Various forest types including dipterocarp, lower montane, lowland, highland heath 
Diet: Fruits

Olive Backed Sunbird
Cinnyris jugularis
Size/Weight:  10-11cm; 6-11g 
Note:  Also known as yellow bellied sunbird; hovers while taking nectar 
Features: Underparts are predominantly yellow, dull brown backs 
Conservation status:  Least concern (not globally threatened) 
Habitat: Even urban dwellings, original mangrove habitat; forest edge, coasts, open country 
Diet: Nectar, small insects including butterflies

Red Rumped Swallow
Cecropis daurica
Size/Weight:  16-17cm; 22.5-30g
Note:  Builds nests on cave walls, house eaves
Features: Nominate race has glossy deep blue crown and back
Conservation status:  Least concern (population stable)
Habitat: Open hilly country, river gorges, valleys, sea cliffs, cultivation and human dwellings 

Diet: Flies, bugs, termites

Yellow Vented Bulbul
Pycnonotus goiavier
Size/Weight:  19-20cm; 24-37g
Note:  Also known as Eastern Yellow-Vented Bulbul
Features: Noisy, with a stubby, erectile chest; broad supercilium, crown side and cheeks
Conservation status:  Least concern (population increasing) 

Habitat: Cultivated areas, urban areas, open habitats, coastal scrub, shoals of large rivers 
Diet: Berries, small fruits, nectar, insects

Brown Breasted Kingfisher
Halcyon gularis
Size/Weight:  26.5-28cm; 71-108g
Voice:  Male call is loud, descending whistle:  "pe-pe-pe-pe-pe-pe" 

Note:  Also known as White Throated Kingfisher
Features: Medium-sized kingfisher; face sides, mantle, belly of brown/orange
Conservation status:  Least concern (population increasing)
Habitat: Clearings, fish ponds, submerged fields, rivers, open country 

Diet: Fish, fruit bats, insects

Philippine Hanging Parrot
Loriculus philippensis
Size/Weight:  14cm; 31-40g
Voice/Call:  High-pitched, repeated "tziit tziit tziit tziit"
Features: Small parrot species; males have red area in front; red forehead and dark brown irises; adults have red beaks and orange legs
Conservation status:  Least concern (population increasing)
Habitat: Tropical moist lowland forests, bamboo forests, tropical moist montane forests; secondary forests, human-modified environments, forest edge 

Diet: Nectar, blossoms, soft fruits and some seeds (banana)

(not in poster)
Blue Headed Fantail
Rhipidura Cyaniceps
Size/Weight:  18cm; 10-18.5g
Call:  Metallic staccato "chip-chip-chip-chip"
Note:  Confined to Luzon
Features: Greyish-blue head and mantle, paler blue feather shafts
Conservation status:  Least concern (population stable)
Habitat: Variety of wooded habitats from primary forests to edge of forests
Diet: Insects


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